Difference between revisions of "Sources"

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{{languages|sources}}
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Sources play a key role in [[genealogy]].
 
Sources play a key role in [[genealogy]].
  
[[Category:Sources]]
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==Definition==
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[[Gramps_Glossary#source|Sources]] are ''anything'' (personal testimony, video recording, photograph, newspaper column, gravestone...) from which (genealogical) information can be derived.
  
==Definition==
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Once you [[Gramps_{{Version manual}}_Wiki_Manual_-_Entering_and_editing_data:_detailed_-_part_2#New_Source_dialog|add a Source]] to a Gramps Tree, that Source may be used for simplifying [[Gramps_Glossary#citation|Citations]] and be organized in [[Gramps_Glossary#repository|Repositories]].  
A source is a text (sometimes oral presentation, audio recording, video recording) from which (genealogical) information is derived.  
 
  
Scientifically, one will make 3 distinctions:
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It is useful to make the following distinctions between sources:
#Primary source : text which is a firsthand written evidence of history, made at the time of the [[event]] by someone who has seen it happen. Eg: diaries, certificates, newspapers, ...
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#Primary source: firsthand evidence of history, made at the time contemporary to the [[Events_in_Gramps|event]]. For example, diaries, certificates, newspapers, ...
#Secondary source : Written accounts of history based upon the evidence from primary sources and other secondary sources, offering commentary and analysis. Eg: history books, genealogical publications,...
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#Secondary source: accounts of history based upon primary and other secondary sources, offering new information such as commentary and analysis. Examples include history books, genealogical publications,...
#Tertiary source : selection and compilation of primary and secondary sources. Eg: library catalogue, bibliographies, ...
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#Tertiary source: a selection and compilation from primary and secondary sources. Tertiary sources may collate, extract, excerpt, quote or reference other sources.  For example, library catalogues, bibliographies, ...
  
 
== Most important genealogical sources ==  
 
== Most important genealogical sources ==  
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* Marriage certificates
 
* Marriage certificates
 
* Divorces
 
* Divorces
* Death certificates
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* [[Death certificate]]s
 
* Official name changes
 
* Official name changes
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* Naturalization records
  
 
=== Religious documents ===
 
=== Religious documents ===
* [[Baptise record]]s
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* [[Baptise record|Baptism records]]
 
* Marriage records
 
* Marriage records
 
* Burial records
 
* Burial records
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=== Legal documents ===
 
=== Legal documents ===
 
* Court cases
 
* Court cases
* Notary documents  
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* Notary documents
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* Probate records
  
 
=== Migration ===
 
=== Migration ===
 
 
* Passenger lists
 
* Passenger lists
 
* Record of landing
 
* Record of landing
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* Property documents
 
* Property documents
 
* Phone books
 
* Phone books
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* City directories
  
 
=== Final resting places ===
 
=== Final resting places ===
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* MIA - Missing in Action
 
* MIA - Missing in Action
 
* Deserters
 
* Deserters
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* Pension applications
  
 
=== Personal Documents ===
 
=== Personal Documents ===
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* Employment information
 
* Employment information
 
* Medical records
 
* Medical records
* DNA
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* [[Genealogy_Glossary#dna|DNA]]
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* Voter registration records
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* Genealogical society records
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* Oral recordings
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==See also==
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* [[Sources in Gramps]]
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* [[Repositories in Gramps]]
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* [[References]]
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* [[Citations]]
  
{{languages|sources}}
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[[Category:Gramps terminology]]
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[[Category:Repositories]]
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[[Category:Sources]]
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[[Category:Tutorials]]
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[[Category:Documentation]]
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[[Category:Translators/Categories]]

Latest revision as of 09:45, 29 July 2021

Sources play a key role in genealogy.

Definition

Sources are anything (personal testimony, video recording, photograph, newspaper column, gravestone...) from which (genealogical) information can be derived.

Once you add a Source to a Gramps Tree, that Source may be used for simplifying Citations and be organized in Repositories.

It is useful to make the following distinctions between sources:

  1. Primary source: firsthand evidence of history, made at the time contemporary to the event. For example, diaries, certificates, newspapers, ...
  2. Secondary source: accounts of history based upon primary and other secondary sources, offering new information such as commentary and analysis. Examples include history books, genealogical publications,...
  3. Tertiary source: a selection and compilation from primary and secondary sources. Tertiary sources may collate, extract, excerpt, quote or reference other sources. For example, library catalogues, bibliographies, ...

Most important genealogical sources

Official documents

Religious documents

Legal documents

  • Court cases
  • Notary documents
  • Probate records

Migration

  • Passenger lists
  • Record of landing

Residences

  • Census records
  • Property documents
  • Phone books
  • City directories

Final resting places

  • Cemetery list of interments
  • War graves

Military

Personal Documents

  • Diaries
  • Correspondence
  • Household bills

Other Possible Sources

  • Bibles
  • Stories
  • Publications
  • Photos
  • Employment information
  • Medical records
  • DNA
  • Voter registration records
  • Genealogical society records
  • Oral recordings

See also