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== לינוקס ==
== לינוקס ==
: '''''' [[How_to_make_a_backup#Gramps_version_3.3_and_later|]] [[#1|]].
Revision as of 11:21, 12 May 2021
חקרו, ארגנו ושתפו את אילן היוחסין שלכם עם גראמפס.
Gramps is a free software project and community. We strive to produce a genealogy program that is both intuitive for hobbyists and feature-complete for professional genealogists. It is a community project, created, developed and governed by genealogists.
Gramps Current version: 5.1.4 Released: 2020-08-13
This installer supports Microsoft Windows in all versions Vista/7 and later. The 64-bit versions of Windows allow more efficient access to more resources.
(Please note: Gramps prefers the Python-3.5 and Gtk-3.18 libraries and newer. Those libraries have dropped support for Windows XP. But Gramps can still be run on Windows XP with earlier library versions, i.e., Python3.4.4 and Gtk-3.16)
After download: double-click to install Gramps.
By default: new releases will be added in a new directory and earlier installations of Gramps will not be overwritten; the language will be a mix of British and US English.
Normally, when you try to load your old Family Tree you can allow it to be upgraded if necessary, and it will be opened. Should this fail for any reason, Create a new Family Tree and Import the back-up into this new Tree.
Use the Windows AIO (All-In-One) version, please use the download links above. For more information about individual versions, console and debug modes, release notes, etc., look at this page (English only).
If necessary, there is an alternative independent Microsoft Windows portable version2.
You may also install using the alternative independent Gramps Chocolatey NuGet Package3.
Missing other languages
The default Gramps AIO installer will embed the US dialect of English for the interface with the British spellcheck dictionary.
If you prefer a different language (or spell with the US or Australian dialects of English), please ensure that you pay special attention to the Choose Components phase of the installation.
To install a language other than English, select from both the Translations and Dictionaries during the Choose Components phase of the installation.
Even your primary language is installed by default, you might anticipate the need to spellcheck Notes in other than the British dialect of English. Be certain to select the appropriate languages from Dictionaries. Gramps will not access your Operating System's native dictionary.
There is no simple facility for adding interface or dictionary languages after installation.
After download: Double-click the .dmg file to mount the disk (note: your browser may do this for you automatically). Next drag the Gramps application to your application folder and double-click to launch it .
Normally, when you try to load your old Family Tree you can allow it to be upgraded if necessary, and it will be opened. However if this fails for any reason, Create a new Family Tree and Import the back-up into this new Tree.
Gramps uses a different spell checker than the one provided by Mac OS X, with different spelling dictionary requirements. We can't easily provide dictionaries for all of the supported languages in the bundle, but they're easily downloaded from OpenOffice.org's website. Download the language you want and save it, then navigate to the download in Finder. Most browsers have a downloads window that offers "Show in Finder" in its context menu. Change the file extension from oxt to zip, then from the context menu select Open with... Archive Utility to decompress it. In the decompressed folder or perhaps in a subfolder you'll find the dictionary files in pairs, foo.aff and foo.dic. Some languages have more than one pair with a README file to explain why. Select a pair and copy it to /Library/Dictionaries (you'll have to authenticate with an administrator id and password), and if 'foo' isn't already a language or locale code, make it one. For example, the French package includes several pairs with names like fr-moderne.aff and fr-moderne.dic. The spell checker doesn't recognize those names, so when you copy them to /Library/Dictionaries you must rename them to fr.aff and fr.dic or fr_FR.aff and fr_FR.dic. You can have more than one dictionary pair installed if you use several languages, but one must match the language you use for Gramps or spell checking won't be enabled at all.
Linux and BSD distributions
These packages are built and supported by the distros.
If your distribution is not listed you may possibly find it listed on Repology
Most Linux distributions come bundled with a version of Gramps, though it's not always the most recent version and it may not have been installed by default. Still it is recommended to use the Gramps version that comes with your distribution.
Below are ways to install Gramps on some of the more popular distributions:
|Distribution||GUI Package manager||Current versions||Notes|
||available versions/ (Also see: Backports)|
|Linux Mint||Software Manager||
|Fedora||Add/Remove Software (Gnome)
Software Management (KDE)
|Mageia||drakrpm (or rpmdrake)||
||Mageia App Db - gramps|
The most recent version can usually be installed from the 'openSUSE BuildService - GNOME:Apps' repository
לינוקס: התקנת גרסה אחרונה
If your distribution doesn't ship with Gramps or you wish to install a different version than it ships with, you could try to install the latest version of Gramps manually.
Warning before attempting this use your existing installation to make a Gramps XML backup
This should only be attempted by experienced users, and after you have backed up your Family Tree.
The version of Gramps that has been included in your distribution will have been tested to work with the components in that distribution. If you try to install a different version of Gramps there is a possibility that the components needed for the new version of Gramps are not available for your distribution, or they are available, but don't work properly. You might not discover that there is a problem till you have already done some work with the new version of Gramps.
If you already have Gramps installed, and you are only making a 'point' upgrade (i.e. from Gramps x.y.z to x.y.z+1, e.g. from 3.4.3 to 3.4.4), then it is likely but not certain that Gramps will continue to work. However, if the change is much greater, especially if it is a major version change (e.g. from 2.y.z to 3.y.z), then the danger that it does not work properly is much greater.
For Debian-based linux distributions (Which includes Ubuntu ) Download the .deb file. Double-click on the downloaded .deb file or (for some distributions, e.g. Mint Debian) run the following command from the directory where the file was saved (change the filename to match the one you downloaded).
sudo dpkg -i gramps_5.1.4-1_all.deb
If you have an error about having unmet dependencies run:
sudo apt-get -f install
to install the dependencies.
If you see an error about language support when starting Gramps, run
sudo apt install language-pack-gnome-en
to install the proper language pack. You may need to replace 'en' with your own language code, like 'nl' for Dutch.
פקודות שורה שימושיות
Before upgrading you can:
- Find out what version you are running, by using this:
dpkg-query -s gramps
that queries the package and gives you info about it.
- If you are committed to an upgrade then make sure you have backed up you Family Trees to Gramps XML then run :
sudo dpkg -r gramps
this will remove the current gramps package (assuming its a python3 version older versions could be python-gramps )
- To stop Ubuntu updating gramps (to possibly an older version from Ubuntu!) you may need to run:
sudo apt-mark hold gramps
Upgrade is then complete.
Gramps 5.1.3 is available in a flatpak at flathub.
Please use your existing installation to backup your database before proceeding.
Also, it is a good idea to convert your database to SQLite even though there is currently BSDDB3 support in the 5.1.3 flatpak.
First set up flatpak and the flathub repository on your system, there are instructions for various distributions at https://flatpak.org/setup/
Second, you can use the blue install button at https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.gramps_project.Gramps if you set your software manager up to work with flathub, or use the command below in a terminal for a system wide installation if you have sudo privileges:
flatpak install flathub org.gramps_project.Gramps
For other distributions, the source and follow the instructions for Linux:Build from source
Note that both Live CD demonstrations use an old version of Gramps and it is not recommended for general use
Linux live CD Demonstration includes Gramps 3.2.5 pre-installed to trial, without touching anything on the hard drive. To start this boot the Computer with this Live Linux Desktop on a CD in the CD/DVD-ROM Drive. (Requires that you write this image to a CD-ROM using CD-Burner software eg:Nero, Imgburn..). Download the CD (727 MB). The Linux Genealogy CD is based on Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat). If you are interested in Gramps, but are afraid to actually install it or unable to install it (not your PC, windows, no internet at home, work laptop, ...), then try out our Linux Genealogy CD. It runs without installing on the hard disk and contains a collection of open source, free, genealogy programs. You can then install latest Ubuntu and Gramps from the CD anytime you like.
You can also try an online demonstration of Gramps on rollApp:
Select Launch Online then Test Drive(Opening/saving files will not be available)
This is a commercial limited trial and not endorsed by the Gramps-project. Beware of third parties having your genealogical data.
 Backup to Gramps XML. You will find backup in the Family Tree menu of recent Gramps versions, otherwise use export in the same menu but uncheck privacy options in the Exporter Assistant in order to export all data. See : How to make a backup
 You can download Gramps Portable version 5.1.3-2 from https://portableapps.com/apps/education/gramps_portable . Note that PortableApps.com also have available an old version of Gramps and it is not recommended for general use; An alternative independent Legacy version is GrampsPortable_5.1.4.paf.exe (29.0 MB) Portable Gramps from PortableApps.com includes all dependencies required for Windows. Note:You can install it on C: then to run Gramps type C:\PortableApps\GrampsPortable\GrampsPortable.exe (Or the path you installed it to) or make a shortcut to that file on your desktop or start-menu. By Bart.S - Please report packaging issues to the author. (2012-09-07)
 Chocolatey NuGet is a Machine Package Manager, somewhat like apt-get, but built with Windows in mind. Gramps Chocolatey Package
 עבור אפל מק OS X, לחלופין, ניתן ללחוץ ולהחזיק את סמל התקליטור בחלקו העליון של חלון הכונן שעוגן המותקן, ואז לגרור את האפשרות לתיקיית היישומים. פעולה זו תיצור תיקיה חדשה המכילה את כל הקבצים, כולל README ו- NEWS.
The MacPorts Project is an open-source community initiative to design an easy-to-use system for compiling, installing, and upgrading open-source software on the Mac operating system. https://www.macports.org/ In order to do that run the following command:
port install gramps see: Mac OS X:Build from source:MacPorts
 Homebrew is an open-source package manager for macOS (and Linux). See https://github.com/homebrew/.