Open main menu

Gramps β

Gramps 5.2 Wiki Manual - Reports - part 2/he

הקודם מפתח הבא


חזרה לעמוד Index of Reports|מפתח דוחות.


מבוא

במסגרת עבודת המחקר, מידע רב נאסף ממקורות רבים ומגוונים, למרבה הצער לא כל המידע שנאסף על אודות אדם מסויים שלם. ההפך הגמור מסתבר, מעט מאוד (אם בכלל) הם האנשים באילן היוחסין להם מידע מלא, ברוב המקרים המידע יהיה חסר. מייזם גרמפס מציע מנגנון שמאפשר החלפת ערכים בדוחות, על פי תבחינים אותם ניתים לתצור, במחרוזות מלל, באמצעות הזנת קוד פשוט לחלון הסינון. המנגנון מאפשר שליטה נרחבת בנראות פלטי הדוחות על ידי סינון רשומות חסרות וקביעת מחרוזת מלל אחידה לכל ארוע או סוג ארוע.

מטרת המקטע לתאר את ערכי ההחלפה בהם ניתן להשתמש במסגרת דוחות המערכת השונים שזמינים בגרמפס.

ערכי החלפה

רבים מהדוחות החזותיים מאפשרים להתאים בהתאמה אישית את המידע שיוצג בדוחות. החלפת משתנים היא השיטה המשמשת להמרת סמל (מפתח) מסוים במידע מסויים על האדם במסד הנתונים נושא הדוח. דוגמה:

מפתחות החלפה מצג: (האדם 'בחיים')
Line 1 $n Line 1 Smith, Edwin Michael
Line 2 b. $b{ at $B} Line 2 b. 1961-05-24 at San Jose, Santa Clara Co., CA
Line 3 d. $d< at >$D Line 3 d.

במקטע שלהלן מוצגת רשימת כל המשתנים (מפתחות החלפה) הזמינים.

  • להצגת שמות, תאריך או מידע על מקום באופן שונה, ניתן להשתמש בתבנות מחרוזת כדי להשיג זאת.
  • קיים גם משתני בקרה שמשמשים להצגת תווים מיוחדים (כמו סימן הדולר '$', או '#').
  • דרך אחרת להצגת מידע היא על ידי שימוש בקיבוץ להצגת מידע באופן חלופי. בדוגמה מעלה שורה 2, עושה שימוש בקיבוץ להצגת ' ב־' רק כאשר מקום הלידה ידוע.
  • ממצג אירועים ניתן להדפיס כמעט כל דבר שעולה על הדעת.
  • לבסוף, מפרידים, אלו נועדו להפוך את חייינו למושלמים. בדוגמה מעלה שורה 3, משתמש בזה כדי להציג את ' ב־' רק כאשר תאריך הלידה והמקום ידועים.

מפתח ההחלפה

משתנים אישיים משתני מצב משפחתי
$n Displays the person's name $s Displays the name of the person's spouse
$i Displays the Gramps ID for the person. $j Displays the Gramps ID for the marriage.
$b Displays the person's date of birth $m Displays the marriage date of the person and the spouse.
$B Displays the person's place of birth $M Displays the place of the marriage of the person and the spouse.
$d Displays the person's date of death $v Displays the divorce date of the person and the spouse.
$D Displays the person's place of death $V Displays the place of the divorce of the person and the spouse.
$a Displays an attribute about the person.

see Attributes for more

$u Displays an attribute about the marriage.

see Attributes for more

$e Displays event information about the person.

See Events for more

$t Displays an event information about the marriage.

See Events for more

All of the Marital variables are defined by the person's preferred spouse in Gramps. If the person has never been married, then these variables will not display anything.

מפתחות החלפה אחרים

  • $T הצגת תאריך היום.

מבנים מוצגים ברירת מחדל

משתנים מבנה מצג
$n $s Names will be displayed as set in 'Name format:' on the Display tab in Gramps preferences
$B $D $M $V Places will display the Place title by default
$b $d $m $v $T Dates will be displayed as set in 'Date format:' on the Display tab in Gramps preferences
$e $t Events will display the description by default

משתנים שהוצאו משימוש

Some of the old variables were deprecated because Format Strings have replaced them. So here is a list of those variables and how to achieve their results:

משתנה ישן כיצד להציג כעת מה מוצג
$f $n Name - as by Gramps name display under Preferences
$n $n(g f) Name - FirstName LastName
$N $n(f, g) Name - LastName, FirstName (note the explicit comma)
$nC $n(g F) Name - FirstName LastName in UPPER case
$NC $n(F, g) Name - LastName in UPPER case, FirstName
$by $b(yyyy) Date of birth, year only
$dy $d(yyyy) Date of death, year only
$my $m(yyyy) Date of preferred marriage, year only
$p $s Preferred spouse's name as by Gramps name display under Preferences
$s $s(g f) Preferred spouse's name - FirstName LastName
$S $s(f, g) Preferred spouse's name - LastName, FirstName
$sC $s(g F) Preferred spouse's name - FirstName LastName in UPPER case
$SC $s(F, g) Preferred spouse's name - LastName in UPPER case, FirstName

Format Strings

Format strings are used to display names and dates differently than those assigned under Gramps Preferences. Here is the syntax for a format string:

$key(format string)
where: key is one of the following characters: 'nsijbmBMdvDVauet'

A format string is any text, separators or format codes (defined below) to display information about the person.

תבנות שמות

For names ($n $s) you may use the following formatting codes to display the name differently.

t Title f Given name
x Common name. Call name if existing, otherwise first first name c Call name
n Nick name s Suffix
l Surname g Family nickname

These codes can be upper-cased to uppercase the result.

For example:

Formatting code Displays
$n(L, f) ($n(c)), $n(L, f){ ($n(c))}
$s(f l s)
SMITH, Edwin Michael (), SMITH, Edwin Michael
Janice Ann Adams
Gramps-notes.png
Note:

If you want to print a character 'c' within the format string (or any one of the other format codes), you will need to first add a '\' in front of it. See Control Variables for more.

Gramps-notes.png
Note:

The curly brackets { } are used to hide information. Here it is used around ' ($n(c))' to not display ' ()' if the person does not have a call name. See Grouping for more.

תבנות תאריכים

For all of the date variables ($b $d $m $v) you may use the following formatting codes:

yyyy The year as a four digit number yyy The year, with a minimum of three digits
yy The year, from 00 to 99 y The year, from 0 to 99
mmmm

MMMM

The full name of the month

The full name IN CAPS

mmm

MMM

The abbreviated name of the month

The abbreviated name IN CAPS

mm The month, from 00 to 12 m The month, from 0 to 12
dd The day, from 00 to 31 d The day, from 0 to 31
o The date type (modifier)

דוגמה:

קוד תיבנות מצגים
$b(mmm-dd yy)
$m(yyyy/mmm/d)
$b(mmm-dd yy)
May-24 61
1995/May/27
Jun-04 85
Gnome-important.png
For date types (modifier)

Only "Before", "After", and "About" are supported at this time. all others will not display anything.
And for date span and date ranges, only the starting (first) date is displayed.

תיבנות מקומות

For all of the place variables ($B $D $M $V) you may use the following formatting codes:

e Street l Locality
c City u County
s State p Postal Code
n Country t Title
x Longitude y Latitude

These codes can be upper-cased to uppercase the result.

For example:

Formatting code displays
$B
$B(c, s, N)
St Judes Hospital
Carmel, IN, USA

Rules for format strings

  • Anything will print inside a format string
  • You need to use Control Variables to display things like ')' and format codes
  • Separators can be within format strings.
  • At least ONE format code has to display something for the ENTIRE format string to display

דוגמה:

Formatting code displays
$n(f l)
b. $b {at $B
{d. $d $D
Edwin Michael Smith
b. 1961-05-24 at San Jose, Santa Clara Co., CA
The person is still alive (or has no information present) so the line was removed.

משתני בקרה

Control variables allow you to print characters that are special to Substitution values within a display.

For example the dollar character '$' is used to note the start of a variable. If you wish to print a dollar character you would use a control character like '\$'

Control Variables Result
\$ Displays a single '$'
\\ Displays a single '\'
\( Displays a single '('
\) Displays a single ')'
\{ Displays a single '{'
\} Displays a single '}'
\< Displays a single '<'
\> Displays a single '>'

Basically anything that comes after a '\' will be printed.

Gramps-notes.png
Note:

When you are inside a format string, you may need to use this to display a character that would normally be a format code.

דוגמה:

Formatting code: displays
$b(m hi mom)
$b(m hi \mo\m)
5 hi 5o5
5 hi mom
As this person was born on the fifth month.

קיבוץ

There are instances where you do not want certain text to be displayed.

Take the example:

Formatting Code Only date is known Only place is known
died on $d at $D died on 1975-06-26 at died on at Reno, Washoe Co., NV

Neither of these displayed results are very acceptable.

But with groups (denoted by {}), you can optionally print information if a variable within contains information.

Formatting Code Only date is known Only place is known
died{ on $d}{ at $D} died on 1975-06-26 died at Reno, Washoe Co., NV

Which is a more preferable displayed result than in the first example.

כללי קיבוץ

A group will only display if there is at least one variable that displays something. So if a group only has text and/or variables where the information is not known, the entire group will not print.

Groups can also be nested. If this happens (like below), the outer group will only display if there is at least one variable that displays something within the outer group or any of the sub groups.

Groups can also be used to remove text. If you wish to not display the entire line, '-' at the start of a line will remove the entire line from the display if the above rule is true.

If you do not wish to have the display code above (for death information) displayed (the person is alive, or you do not yet know the information), modify the code to look like:

  • -{died{ on $d}{ at $D}

דוגמאות

This will hide '(' and ')' if the divorce information is not known (or still married).

  • m. $m $M {- ($v(yyyy))

Only display some spouse information if married or remove the entire line if never married:

  • {$s $m(yyyy) {- $v(\(yyyy\))}}

תכונות

Attributes do not have a format string. Instead the attribute name is placed inside []. Here is the syntax for an attribute:

$key[attribute name]
where: key is one of the following characters: 'au'

דוגמה:

Formatting code displays
$a[Profession]
$a[Social Security Number]
$a[Total \$ bequeathed]
Programmer
7A3-29-F1C6
3.00USD

ארועים

Events have the same starting structure as attributes, $e or $t and the event name in [] but events have an extra format string after the name to display the description, date, place, id, and attributes associated with it. Each of these items can be displayed with a , a 'n', 'd', 'D', 'i', and 'a' respectively in the format string. Here is the syntax for an event:

$key[attribute name](format string)
where: key is one of the following characters: 'et'

ארוע ממחרוזות מלל

The Event format string is used to display information about the event. Here are the format codes to display parts of the event:

Formatting code displays Formatting code displays
n Description i Event ID
d Event Date* D Event Place*
a An attributes for the event**

*These variables can themselves have format strings. Date and a place can be formatted with format string as defined in Format strings.

**Attribute needs to have the attribute name in [] and are formatted as above.

For example:

Formatting code displays
$e[First Communion](d(yyyy-mm-d))
$e[Bar Mitzvah](n< at > D)
$e[Birth](d(yyyy mm/dd) D)
2009-11-6
Jerry's Bar Mitzah at Opas house
2007 05/23 Grandmothers house

And:

Formatting code displays
$b(yyyy-Mmm-dd)
$M
is the same as
$e[Birth](d(yyyy-Mmm-dd))
$t[Marriage](D)

הערות לתכונות וארועים

Attribute and event names are mandatory. '$a' or '$a[]' will not display anything.

Attributes and event names may have special characters within them. Most notably ']' and ')'. If this is the case, you will need to use Control Variables

מפרידים

Separators are special 'text only' groups inside '<' and '>' that conditionally display a separator (like ', ' or ' - ') between two groups, variables, format codes or text.

Separators are displayed conditionally depending on these rules:

  • A variable that does not display anything will remove itself and a separator that is to the left of it from the display line only.
  • If there is not a separator to the left, the same variable will remove itself and a separator that is to the right of it from the displayed line.
  • If there are two separators together, the left one will be removed from the display line and the right is kept.
  • Separators at the start or end of the display line (or format strings) are removed.

Take this example formatting code:

  • $s(f l s)<, >$m(yyyy)< @ >$M< - >$v(\(yyyy\))

Here are some things that may happen:

Possibility Outcome
If none of the variables are known None of the separators will display
If only one variable is known Only that variable will print. No separators will print.
If only the spouse's name is not known The first separator will not display
If only the marriage date is not known The first separator does not display. We will be left with:

Jane Doe< - >{ … }And only the divorce date needs to be known to print the second separator.

If only the divorce date is not known the second separator will not display

Separators can be inside format strings:

  • $n(<0>T< >L<, >f< >s)

Unlike groups, separators can not cross over/out of format strings. So the separator <0> will NEVER display. No matter what is on the left hand side of the variable.

Here is a useful example:

  • {({b. $b}<, >{d. $d})}

This will:

Only print the outside () if either the birth or death date displays

Only displays the center separator if both dates are known.
So here are some thing that could display

(b. 1970-4-8) (d. 2012-3-9) (b. 1970-4-8, d. 2012-3-9) or the line does not print at all.
We will not see things like:
() (, ) (b.) (b., ) (d.)
(, d.) (b. 1970-4-8, ) (b. 1970-4-8, d.) (, d. 2012-3-9) (b., d. 2012-3-9)



חזרה לעמוד Index of Reports|מפתח דוחות.

הקודם מפתח הבא
align="right" הודעת מיוחדת בעיינן זכויות יוצרים: כל העריכות בדף זה צריכות להיות במגבלות שני רישיונות זכויות יוצרים שונים:

רישיונות אלה מרשים למיזם גרמפס להשתמש באופן מירבי במדריך ויקי זה כתוכן חופשי בגרסאות גרמפס העתידיות. אם אינכם מסכים עם כפול רישיונות זה, אל תערוכו דף זה. אתם רשאים לקשור רק עמודים אחרים בתוך הויקי שנמצאים תחת רישיון GFDL ורק באמצעות קישורים חיצוניים (באמצעות התחביר: [https://www.gramps-project.org/...]), לא באמצעות קישורים פנימיים.
כמו כן, השתמשו רק במוסכמות המקובלות