This section contains technical details about programming Gramplets and is intended for Developers.
A Gramplet is a type of Gramps plugin. Gramplets are mini-views designed to be composited with other Gramplets or Views to create a way to see your Family Tree that is just right for you. In fact, Gramplets can be made to do just about anything that you want.
- 1 Gramplet Interface
- 1.1 Are Gramplets and 'plug-ins' the same thing?
- 1.2 Hello World
- 1.3 Hello World, with Class
- 1.4 Register Options
- 1.5 Core Methods
- 1.6 Textual Output Methods
- 1.7 GUI Interface
- 1.8 GUI Options
- 1.9 Predefined Properties
- 1.10 Persistance
- 1.11 Advanced Settings
- 1.12 Learning More
- 2 See also
Gramplet only operate after being added to a view. Add (or remove and restore) to the sidebar or bottombar of a view by clicking the ∨ (Down Arrowhead button) also known as the Gramplet Bar Menu at the far top right of the bars titles, and then using one of the options from the drop-down menu. In the Dashboard view, this menu is accessed by right-clicking in-between gramplets in the main view.
Gramplet can dramatically degrade the performance of Gramps. Some Gramplets consume huge amounts of memory, processor power and move a lot of data through storage. Don't keep a Gramplet active when it isn't being used!
When the view is not active or Gramplet tab is not the foremost in the splitbar, the Gramplet is inactive. A detached (undocked) Gramplet is always active.
The user interface for a Gramplet is left completely to the discretion of the developer. Detach/undock a Gramplet to reveal the "Help" button. Explore the Configure options after adding a Gramplet.
Are Gramplets and 'plug-ins' the same thing?
There are many types of plugins. The 6 most common are:
- Reports: output for printing or display
- Tools: a method for processing data
- Quick View: a list of details based on the current object
- Importer: reads a file into your current tree
- Exporter: writes a file from your current tree
- Gramplets: interactive views for moving, analysing, displaying, etc.
There are two plugin directories: a global/system one, and a private/personal one. You can easily create a plugin by simply putting a file in plugins folder of your User Directory (usually in
In teaching programming, a common "first program" is to write a program that says "Hello World".
Let us jump right in and take a look at such a gramplet named HelloWorld.py:
Create a python file named HelloWorld.py and add the following content:
# File: HelloWorld.py def init(gui): gui.set_text("Hello world!")
And create another python file named HelloWorld.gpr.py with the following content:
# File: HelloWorld.gpr.py register(GRAMPLET, id="Hello World Gramplet", name=_("Hello World Gramplet"), description = _("a program that says 'Hello World'"), status = STABLE, version="0.0.1", fname="HelloWorld.py", height = 20, gramplet = 'init', gramplet_title=_("Sample Gramplet"), gramps_target_version="5.1", help_url="Sample Gramplet" )
If you place these files in your personal user plugins directory (usually in .gramps/grampsxx/plugins/gramplet/ ), and then restart Gramps, you will be able to create this Gramplet. On the Dashboard Category View, right-click in an open area and select the "Hello World Gramplet". You should then see:
The main work of a Gramplet is performed in a function, or a class. In this very simple example, a function
init is defined that takes a single argument,
gui. The function simply sets the gui's text area to be "Hello World!", and that's it. It does this just once, and never changes.
Before a plugin can be used, it needs to be "registered". You call the register function with a number of named-arguments. There are a number of named-arguments that you can provide, including: name, height, content, title, expand, state, and data. We will explore those in detail, below.
Hello World, with Class
Here is the same functionality again, but this time as a class:
# File: HelloWorld2.py from gramps.gen.plug import Gramplet class HelloWorldGramplet(Gramplet): def init(self): self.set_text("Hello world!")
# File: HelloWorld2.gpr.py register(GRAMPLET, id="Hello World2 Gramplet", name=_("Hello World2 Gramplet"), description = _("a program that says 'Hello World'"), version="0.0.1", gramps_target_version="5.1", status = STABLE, fname="HelloWorld2.py", height = 20, gramplet = 'HelloWorldGramplet', gramplet_title=_("Sample Gramplet"), help_url="5.1_Addons#Addon_List" )
This is the recommended method of creating a Gramplet. The following details describe the properties and methods of this class.
GRAMPLET: the first argument is the keyword GRAMPLET
id: the identifying name of the gramplet, unique among all plugins
name: the translated gramplet's name
height: the minimum (or maximum) height of the gramplet in normal mode
fname: the name of your gramplet file
gramplet: the name of the function or class in fname that creates the gramplet
gramplet_title: the default gramplet title; user changeable in Configure View
status: STABLE or UNSTABLE
version: a string with 2 dots (such as "1.23.14") representing the version number
gramps_target_version: a string with 2 dots representing the version of Gramps for which this gramplet was written. Only gramplets matching the installed version will be available for installation.
help_url: the title of the wiki page that describes the gramplet.
If the help_url starts with
http://then that fully qualified URL will be used as is. Otherwise, the paths will be interpreted as relative to
http://gramps-project.org/wiki/index.php?title=base URL. The base URL will be prepended to the help_url and may get a language extension (such as
/nl) appended at the end, if the operating language is one of nl fr sq mk de fi ru sk. You should not use the
)translate function around the
help_urlstring, unless you specifically intend to create web pages named with the translated string.
At the bare minimum, you need to have the above 11 options when registering your Gramplets.
In addition, you can use the following as well:
detached_width: the size in pixels of the minimum and default detached height
detached_height: the size in pixels of the minimum and default detached height
expand: whether or not the Gramplet should expand to fill the column, if it can
description: a description of the Gramplet
The class-based gramplet utilizes the following methods:
init(): run once, on construction
main(): run once per update
update(): don't change this, it calls main
active_changed(): run when active-changed is triggered
db_changed(): run when db-changed is triggered
set_tooltip(TEXT)- tooltip for gramplet
Don't call main directly; use the update method.
db_changed method, you should connect all of the signals that will trigger an update. That typically looks like:
def db_changed(self): self.dbstate.db.connect('person-add', self.update) self.dbstate.db.connect('person-delete', self.update) self.dbstate.db.connect('person-update', self.update) self.dbstate.db.connect('family-add', self.update) self.dbstate.db.connect('family-delete', self.update) self.dbstate.db.connect('family-update', self.update)
main() can be written as a normal Python method, or it can be written to run nicely in parallel with other Gramps code. To make it run nicely in parallel, you should issue a
yield True every once in a while. For example:
def main(self): for i in range(5000): if i % 500 == 0: yield True yield False
The True means that there is more to do; False means that there is nothing left to do.
DisplayState(Callback)class for additional signals. (Including Custom Filters, Gramplet display and other updates.)
Textual Output Methods
The most common kinds of Gramplets are text-based. There are a number of methods to assist with handling this text.
- set_text(TEXT) - clear and set text to TEXT
- append_text(TEXT, scroll_to=POSITION)
- POSITION is 'begin' (top), 'end' (bottom) or 'start' (start of append)
- clear_text() - clears all text
- render_text(TEXT) - for use with A, B, I, U, and TT tags
- A for creating links; use tag HREF="url" for URLs, and WIKI="name" for pages on the wiki
- B for bold
- I for italics
- U for underlined
- TT for a fixed-width, typewriter font
- link(TEXT, LINK-TYPE, DATA) -
- TEXT can be any text
- LINK-TYPE is:
- 'Person' - and DATA is a person handle
- 'PersonList' - and DATA is a list of handles
- 'Family' - and DATA is a family handle
- 'Surname' - and DATA is a person
- 'Given' -
- 'Filter' - and DATA is either:
- 'all people' -
- 'males' - all males
- 'females' - all females
- 'people with unknown gender' - people marked as unknown
- 'people with incomplete names' - people who have a missing surname or given name
- 'people with missing birth dates' - people who have missing birth dates
- 'disconnected people' - people with no parents and no children
- 'all families' - all families
- 'unique surnames' - list of all unique surnames
- 'people with media' - people who have media
- 'media references' - all of the media
- 'unique media' -
- 'missing media' - media for which the file does not exist
- 'media by size' -
- 'list of people'-
- 'URL' - and DATA is a URL
- 'WIKI' - and DATA is a wiki page
- 'Attribute' - and DATA is an attribute (eg, 'Nickname')
- no_wrap() - turn word wrap off DEPRECATED
- set_wrap(BOOL) - change word wrap
Tags are the manner in which you format the text.
tag = self.gui.buffer.create_tag("fixed") tag.set_property("font", "Courier 8") ... start, end = self.gui.buffer.get_bounds() self.gui.buffer.apply_tag_by_name("fixed", start, end) self.append_text("", scroll_to="begin")
This article's content is incomplete or a placeholder stub.
Widget Gramplet example
Occasionally, you might have to dive down to the graphical objects that compose a Gramplet.
If you wanted to put an arbitrary gtk object into the main area of a Gramplet, then you need to replace the standard textview object with your own. Here is the basic structure:
# File: Widget.py from gettext import gettext as _ from gramps.gen.plug import Gramplet from gi.repository import Gtk class WidgetGramplet(Gramplet): def init(self): self.gui.WIDGET = ### Some Widget Constructor ### self.gui.get_container_widget().remove(self.gui.textview) self.gui.get_container_widget().add_with_viewport(self.gui.WIDGET) self.gui.WIDGET.show()
# File: Widget.gpr.py register(GRAMPLET, id= "Widget Gramplet", name=_("Widget Gramplet"), description = _("Widget Gramplet example"), height=100, expand=False, gramplet = 'WidgetGramplet', gramplet_title=_("Widget"), version = '0.0.1', gramps_target_version = "5.1", fname="Widget.py", )
Gramps 3.x and older
# File: Widget.py from gettext import gettext as _ from gramps.gen.plug import Gramplet import gtk class WidgetGramplet(Gramplet): def init(self): self.gui.WIDGET = ### Some Widget Constructor ### self.gui.get_container_widget().remove(self.gui.textview) self.gui.get_container_widget().add_with_viewport(self.gui.WIDGET) self.gui.WIDGET.show()
# File: Widget.gpr.py register(GRAMPLET, id= "Widget Gramplet", name=_("Widget Gramplet"), height=100, expand=False, fname="Widget.py", gramplet = "WidgetGramplet", gramps_target_version = "3.4", gramplet_title=_("Widget"), )
Cairo Clock Example
In fact, with Python, GTK, and cairo, you can make your own widgets that do pretty much anything and look very nice.
Here is an example adding a Cairo Clock (which really keeps time)
- OPTION is one of the menu options in gramps/gen/plug/menu eg:
- OPTION is one of the menu options in gramps/gen/plug/menu eg:
There are a number of preset properties:
- dbstate.db.connect(SIGNAL, METHOD)
- force_update: set True to have the gramplet update, even when minimized
Calling the update() method of a gramplet causes its main() method to be called repeatedly in the background until it returns False.
Most gramplets will contain a main() method that runs quickly and always returns False.
Gramplets that have more intensive processing will use the main() method as a generator which will be run multiple times in the background. It will return True until it has finished processing then it will return False.
This background task can be controlled with the pause() and resume() methods. Additionally there is an interrupt() method which will cancel execution of the background task, and update_all() which will run the entire task in the foreground immediately.
A background task will continue to run even if the gramplet is no longer active.
Gramplets that should be updated in response to changes in the database should connect to the appropriate signals.
Gramplets such as a news gramplet could be updated by adding a refresh button or running the update() method at regular intervals.
To learn more about writing a Gramplet, it is suggested to look at the existing Gramplets. You can see a complete list of the Gramplet source code here:
- Gramps Master (development fork) Gramplets
- Gramps 5.1 Gramplets
- Gramps 5.0 Gramplets
- Gramps 4.2 Gramplets
- Gramps 3.4 Gramplets
Click on a filename, to view the source code of that Gramplet.
- master/gramps/gen/plug/_gramplet.py - Base class for non-graphical gramplet code.
- CallbackManager - a key tool that enables event handling and function execution based on specific triggers or events of a tree database.
- Callback in
- Addons development - for Gramps 4.2 and later
- Addons development old - for Gramps 3.2 to 4.1
- Writing a plugin - for Gramps version 3.2 and earlier