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{{languages|Download}}===最新版本===[[File:Gramp-Small-background-wiki-2020.jpg|120px|left]]* 版本 '''GRAMPS 3.1.3使用 Gramps 研究、组织及分享你的家谱。''' 发布于2009-12-06. 所有的GRAMPS版本获取的地址为 [https://sourceforge.net/projects/gramps/files/ 源代码下载页面]。
可以访问以下指导页面:Gramps 是一个自由的软件及社区。我们致力于开发一个既适合爱好者又适合专业系谱学家的系谱学程序。它是一个社区项目,由系谱学家创造、开发并治理。
* {{man note|{{Man menu|当前版本:{{version}} 发布时间:2021-07-26}}|与 GRAMPS 3.4 系列不同的数据格式。全面支持 Python 3,Python 2 已不再支持。使用 GTK+ 3 GUI。很多更新请见:[[InstallationGramps_5.1_Wiki_Manual_-_What's_new%3F|What's new?]]{{-}}* [[InstallationFile:Linux_220x261.png|128px|link=Zh:下载#Linux]] [[File:windows_180x160.png|128px|link=Zh:下载#MS_Windows]] [[File:macos_200x200.png|128px|link=Zh:下载#Upgrading_GRAMPSMac_OS_X]] [[File:Bsd_daemon.png|Upgrading128px|link=Zh:下载#BSD]]}}
==Linux =官方支持===* Linux系统平台作为GRAMPS的唯一官方支持的平台,开发者在此平台上测试'''源代码''',并修复由升级产生的错误。
[[File:Linux_220x261.png|128px|left]] 在升级你的发行版之前:使用你的'''老版本 Gramps''' 去[[How_to_make_a_backup#Gramps_version_3.3_and_later|备份]]你的家谱 [[#1|[1]]]。 <big><u>[[Download#Linux distributions|via Distributions]]</u>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<u>[[Download#Linux:_Install_latest_version|最新版本({{version}},仅限高级用户)]]</u></big>{{-}} == MS Windows == [[File:windows_180x160.png|128px|left]] 下载之前:使用你的'''老版本 Gramps''' 去[[How_to_make_a_backup#Gramps_version_3.3_and_later|备份]]你的家谱 [[#1| [1]]]。 支持所有在 Windows [http://windows.microsoft.com/en-au/windows/lifecycle Vista/7] 之后的版本。(请注意:Python 3.5 和 Gtk 3.18 停止支持 Windows XP,而不是 Gramp 自身。Gramps 仍然可以在 Windows XP 上运行,但需要使用老版本的程序库,如:Gtk 3.16 和 Python 3.4.4。) <big><u>[{{Prettytablegithub_url}}/releases/download/v{{version_windows_AIO32}}/{{filename_windows_AIO32}}.exe Windows 安装器(32 位) {{version_windows_AIO32}}]</u>! 系统平台&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;! GRAMPS<bru>[{{github_url}}/releases/download/v{{version_windows_AIO64}}/{{filename_windows_AIO64}}.exe Windows 安装器(64 位) {{version_windows_AIO64}}]</u></big>版本! 下载! 注释下载之后:双击安装 Gramps。{{man menu|标准安装'''仅限英文''',因此如果需要使用其他语言请务必确认在安装过程中选择了其余的词典和语言文件。}} {{man tip|-快捷方式|当安装完成时桌面上将会放置一个快捷方式,并且开始菜单中也会添加两个快捷方式,除非开发者请求你这样做,否则请使用第一个快捷方式。<!-- 系统平台 --br>Linux1、GrampsAIO'''XX''' ''{{version}}'' {{man menu|<!-- GRAMPS- 用于日常使用 Gramps 的快捷方式}}<br>版本 2、GrampsAIO'''XX''' ''{{version}}''-console}} 通常,当你尝试加载你的老家谱时,你可以允许它对其进行升级,并且会将其打开。然而如果这个过程因为任何原因失败了,你可以'''创建'''一个新的家谱并'''导入'''备份到这个新的树。 使用 Windows AIO 版本,请使用上面的下载连接。有关各个版本、控制台和调试模式、发行说明等更多信息,请查看[[GrampsAIO-4|这个页面]](仅限英文)。 其他独立'''历史''' MS Windows 版本 [[#3|[3]]]. 你也可以通过 Gramps Chocolatey 软件包安装 [[#4|[4]]]。 == Mac OS X == [[File:macos_200x200.png|128px|left]] 在下载之前请用你的'''旧版本Gramps'''[[How_to_make_a_backup#Gramps_version_3.3_and_later|备份(英文)]]你的家谱文件[[#1|[1]]]。请阅读 [[Mac OS X:Application package|安装之前(英文)]]. 支持苹果 OS X 10.5及以上版本。 <big><u>[{{github_url}}/releases/download/v{{version_Mac}}/{{Filename_mac_intel}}.dmg Intel {{version_Mac}}]</u>Assorted</big> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <big></big> 下载之后双击打开.dmg文件以装载到硬盘(注意:你的浏览器可能自动打开它)。然后拖动Gramps程序到你的程序目录,双击开始使用[[#2|[2]]]。 正常情况下,如果需要的话你可以成功升级你的家谱文件。如果升级失败,你可以'''新建'''一个新的家谱文件,然后'''导入'''你的备份文件。 {{man tip|Spell Checking:|Gramps uses a different spell checker than the one provided by Mac OS X, with different spelling dictionary requirements. We can't easily provide dictionaries for all of the supported languages in the bundle, but they're easily downloaded from [http://extensions.openoffice.org/ OpenOffice.org's website]. Download the language you want and save it, then navigate to the download in Finder. Most browsers have a downloads window that offers "Show in Finder" in its context menu. Change the file extension from <tt>oxt</tt> to <tt>zip</tt>, then from the context menu select '''Open with... Archive Utility''' to decompress it. In the decompressed folder or perhaps in a subfolder you'll find the dictionary files in pairs, <tt>foo.aff</tt> and <tt>foo.dic</tt>. Some languages have more than one pair with a README file to explain why. Select a pair and copy it to /Library/Dictionaries (you'll have to authenticate with an administrator id and password), and if 'foo' isn't already a language or locale code, make it one. For example, the French package includes several pairs with names like <!tt>fr-moderne.aff</tt> and <tt>fr- 下载 -moderne.dic</tt>. The spell checker doesn't recognize those names, so when you copy them to /Library/Dictionaries you must rename them to <tt>fr.aff</tt> and <tt>fr.dic</tt> or <tt>fr_FR.aff</tt> and <tt>fr_FR.dic</tt>. You can have more than one dictionary pair installed if you use several languages, but one '''must''' match the language you use for Gramps or spell checking won't be enabled at all.}} {{-}} == BSD == [[File:Bsd_daemon.png|128px|left]] Before upgrading your distribution: Use your '''old version of Gramps''' to [[How_to_make_a_backup#Gramps_version_3.3_and_later|backup]] your Family Trees [[#1|[1]]]. <big><u>[[InstallationDownload#Installing_GRAMPS_from_source_codeLinux and BSD distributions|Installation from Sourcevia Distributions]]</u>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;<u>[[Download#Linux:_Install_latest_version|Latest version (advanced users only)]]</u><!/big>{{-}} === Online Demonstration ===You can also try an online demonstration of Gramps on rollApp:* https://www.rollapp.com/app/grampsSelect '''Launch Online''' then '''Test Drive(Opening/saving files will not be available)''' {{man note|Note|This is a commercial limited trial and not endorsed by the Gramps- 注释 -project. Beware of third parties having your genealogical data.}}{{-}} == <span id="Linux distributions"></span>Building of GRAMPS from source requiredLinux and BSD distributions =={{man note|These packages are built and supported by the [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_distribution distros].|Please report any problems with them to the package maintainer.}}Most Linux distributions come bundled with a version of Gramps, though it's not always the most recent version and it may not have been installed by default. Still it is recommended to use the Gramps version that comes with your distribution.
===社区支持===*平台指一个由安装了软件的用户并提供支持的社区。GRAMPS并不能保证所有的功能都可用,也许一些功能被禁用了。开发者们依赖于在用户在社区中提出各种问题,并进行修复。GRAMPS的开发者期望GRAMPS可以再不同平台下正常使用,但是缺乏用户的测试,便是缺乏信息的来源。Below are ways to install Gramps on some of the more popular distributions:
{| {{Prettytableprettytable}}! 系统平台Distribution! GRAMPS<br>版本GUI Package manager! 下载Current versions! 注释Notes
|-
|<!-- 系统平台 Distribution -->Windows[[File:Debianopenlogo-32.png]]''' [[Debian]] '''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>版本 GUI Package manager -->3.1.3Add/Remove Software|<!-- 下载 Current versions -->[httpDebian 7 ("wheezy") (old stable)://sourceforgeGramps 3.4.net/projects/gramps/files/Stable/gramps-30<br>Debian 8 ("jessie")(stable): Gramps 4.1.3-1<br>Debian 8 ("jessie")(backports): Gramps 4.2.5<br>stretch (testing): Gramps 4.exe gramps-32.15<br>[http://packages.3-1debian.exeorg/sid/gramps sid (unstable)] (6: Gramps 4.2.7 MB)5|<!-- 注释 Notes -->[[Windows_installer#Installation|Download and Install Windows Dependencies First]http://packages.debian.org/search?keywords=gramps available versions]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Windows[[File:Ubuntu_32x32.png]]''' Ubuntu '''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->3.1.1Software Centre|<!-- Download Current versions -->[httpTrusty (14.04 LTS): Gramps://downloads4.ormus0.info/?path=3<br>Trusty Backports (14./PortableApps&file=GrampsPortable_304 LTS): Gramps: 4.10.14<br>Xenial (16.paf04 LTS): Gramps: 4.exe GrampsPortable_32.12<br>Yakkety (16.110): Gramps: 4.paf2.exe] 3<br>Zesty (23Development: 17.04): Gramps: 4.2 MB).5|<!-- Note Notes -->[http://wwwpackages.ormusubuntu.infocom/archives/278-Portable-Gramps-Genealogy-in-your-Pocket.html Portable GRAMPS for PortableApps.comsearch?keywords=gramps&searchon=names available versions] all in one with no dependencies.
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->[[File:Farm-Fresh linux mint.png]]''' Linux Mint'''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->Software Manager|<!-- Download Current versions -->Qiana/Rosa 17(Gramps 4.0.3+dfsg-2)<br>Sarah/Serena 18(Gramps 4.2.2~dfsg-1)|<!-- Note Notes -->[http://community.linuxmint.com/software/view/gramps available versions]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Linux[[File:Fedora_32x32.png]]''' Fedora ''' |<!-- GRAMPSGUI Package manager -->Add/Remove Software (Gnome)<br>Release --or<br>AssortedSoftware Management (KDE)|<!-- Download Current versions -->[[Installation#Automatic_download_and_install_of_GRAMPS|Automatic Installation]]Rawhide (Gramps 4.2.5)<br>Fedora 26 (Gramps 4.2.5)<br>Fedora 25 (Gramps 4.2.5)<br>Fedora 24 (Gramps 4.2.5)|<!-- Note Notes -->Depends [https://apps.fedoraproject.org/packages/gramps available versions] / Note:The Fedora and Red Hat Projects were merged on Version of Linux UsedSeptember 22, 2003.
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Linux'''[https://www.mageia.org/en/ Mageia]'''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->Assorted|[https://wiki.mageia.org/en/Installing_and_removing_software drakrpm (or rpmdrake)]|<!-- Download Current versions -->[[Installation#Manual_download_and_install_of_GRAMPS|Manual Installation]]Mageia Caulron: Gramps 4.2.5<br>Mageia 5.0: Gramps 4.1.3|<!-- Note Notes -->Depends on Version of Linux Used[http://mageia.madb.org/package/show/name/gramps Mageia App Db - gramps]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->''' openSUSE '''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->[https://en.opensuse.org/YaST_Software_Management YaST]|<!-- Download Current versions -->openSUSE Tumbleweed: Gramps 4.2.5<br>openSUSE Leap 42.2: Gramps 4.2.4<br>openSUSE 13.2: Gramps 4.0.4|<!-- Note Notes -->[http://software.opensuse.org/package/gramps available versions]<br>See note [http://gramps.1791082.n4.nabble.com/ahnenforschung-familie-ihle-de-td4672224.html#a4672266] : Gramps 4.2 can be installed on Opensuse 13.2 ( if you add the 'openSUSE BuildService - GNOME:Apps' )
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Linux Live CD'''Slackware'''|<!-- GRAMPSGUI Package manager -->|<br>Release !-- Current versions -->14.2: Gramps 3.4.3<br>14.1: Gramps 4.0.13|<!-- Download Notes -->[http://downloadspkgs.sourceforge.netorg/search/?keyword=gramps/ubuntu804-genealogy40-gramps301-i386.iso ubuntu804-genealogy40-gramps301-i386.isoavailable versions]<br>(730 MB)|<!-- Note -->[[Linux Genealogy CD|Linux Genealogy CD based on Ubuntu 8https://slackbuilds.org/repository/14.2/misc/gramps/?search=gramps slackbuilds.04 (Hardy Heron)]org]: Gramps 4.2.5
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->'''[https://www.netbsd.org/ NetBSD]'''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->|<!-- Download Current versions -->NetBSD: Gramps 3.4.4|<!-- Note Notes -->[http://pkgsrc.se/databases/gramps3 available versions]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->BSD'''[https://www.freebsd.org/ FreeBSD]'''|<!-- GRAMPSGUI Package manager -->|<br>Release !-- Current versions -->3FreeBSD: Gramps 4.12.3_14|<!-- Download Notes -->[http://portsmon.freebsd.org/portoverview.py?category=science&portname=gramps FreeBSD port]|<!-- Note -->[[BSD_page|BSD Information]available versions]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->'''TrueOS'''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->|<!-- Download Current versions -->PC-BSD: Gramps 3.4.8|<!-- Note Notes -->[http://web.pcbsd.org/pc-bsd-is-now-trueos/ 2016/09/01 - PC-BSD is now TrueOS]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Solaris'''[https://www.openbsd.org/ OpenBSD]'''|<!-- GRAMPS<br>Release GUI Package manager -->3.0.1|<!-- Download Current versions -->[[Solaris_page|Solaris Platforms]]OpenBSD: Gramps 4.2.5|<!-- Note Notes -->Building of GRAMPS from source required[http://openports.se/misc/gramps available versions]
|-
|<!-- Platform Distribution -->Mac OS X'''Arch Linux'''|<!-- GRAMPSGUI Package manager -->|<br>Release !-- Current versions -->3Gramps 4.12.25|<!-- Download Notes -->[[Using GRAMPS on Apple Machttps://www.archlinux.org/packages/community/any/gramps/ available versions]] (28MB)|-|<!-- Distribution -->'''Gentoo Linux'''|<!-- GUI Package manager -->|<!-- Note Current versions -->New and relatively untested (July 2009)Gramps 4. There was a missing file2. Get it from 5|<!-- Notes -->[httphttps://wwwpackages.gramps-projectgentoo.org/bugspackages/app-misc/view.php?id=3177 heregramps available versions].|-|<!-- Distribution -->|<!-- GUI Package manager -->|<!-- Current versions -->|<!-- Notes -->
|}
{{-}} == Linux: Install latest version == If your distribution doesn't ship with Gramps or you wish to install a different version than it ships with, you could try to install the latest version of Gramps manually. {{man warn|1=Warning before attempting this use your existing installation to [[How to make a backup|make a Gramps XML backup]]|2=This should only be attempted by experienced users, and after you have backed up your Family Tree. The version of Gramps that has been included in your distribution will have been tested to work with the components in that distribution. If you try to install a different version of Gramps there is a possibility that the components needed for the new version of Gramps are not available for your distribution, or they are available, but don't work properly. You might not discover that there is a problem till you have already done some work with the new version of Gramps. If you already have Gramps installed, and you are only making a 'point' upgrade (i.e. from Gramps x.y.z to x.y.z+1, e.g. from 3.4.3 to 3.4.4), then it is likely but not certain that Gramps will continue to work. However, if the change is much greater, especially if it is a major version change (e.g. from 2.y.z to 3.y.z), then the danger that it does not work properly is much greater.}} === Debian-based ===For [[Image:Debianopenlogo-32.png]]'''[[Debian|Debian-based linux distributions]]''' (Which includes [[Image:Ubuntu_32x32.png]]''' Ubuntu ''') [{{github_url}}/releases/v{{version}} Download the .deb file]. Double-click on the downloaded .deb file or (for some distributions, e.g. Mint Debian) run the following command from the directory where the file was saved (change the filename to match the one you downloaded).  sudo dpkg -i python3-gramps_{{version}}-1_all.deb If you have an error about having unmet dependencies run:  sudo apt-get -f install to install the dependencies. ==== Useful command lines ====Before upgrading you can[https://sourceforge.net/p/gramps/mailman/message/35460486/]: * Find out what version you are running, by using this:  dpkg-query -s python3-gramps that queries the package and gives you info about it. * If you are committed to an upgrade then make sure you have backed up you Family Trees to Gramps XML then run :  sudo dpkg -r python3-gramps this will remove the current gramps package (assuming its a python3 version older versions could be python-gramps ) * To stop Ubuntu updating gramps (to possibly an older version from Ubuntu!) you may need to run:  sudo apt-mark hold gramps '''Upgrade is then complete.''' === For other distributions ===For other distributions, [[Image:Download_link.png|150px|link={{github_url}}/releases/v{{version}}]] the source and follow the instructions for [[Linux:Build from source]] == Live CD == [[File:Download_link.png|150px|left|link=http://sourceforge.net/projects/gramps/files/OldFiles/3.2.5/lgenealogy-6.1-desktop-i386.iso]]'''Linux live CD Demonstration''' includes Gramps {{Version Linux Live CD}} pre-installed to trial, without touching anything on the hard drive. To start this boot the Computer with this Live Linux Desktop on a CD in the CD/DVD-ROM Drive. (Requires that you write this image to a CD-ROM using CD-Burner software eg:Nero, Imgburn..). [[Linux_Genealogy_CD#Obtaining_the_CD|Obtaining the CD]] (727 MB) [[Linux Genealogy CD|Linux Genealogy CD based on Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)]]. If you are interested in Gramps, but are afraid to actually install it or unable to install it (not your PC, windows, no internet at home, work laptop, ...), then try out our [[Linux Genealogy CD]]. It runs without installing on the hard disk and contains a collection of open source, free, genealogy programs. You can then install latest [http://www.ubuntulinux.org/ Ubuntu 14.04.3] and Gramps from the CD anytime you like.{{-}} == Notes == [<span id="1">1</span>]Backup to Gramps XML. You will find backup in the Family Tree menu of recent Gramps versions, otherwise use export in the same menu but '''uncheck privacy options''' in the Exporter Assistant in order to export all data. See : [[CategoryHow to make a backup]] [<span id="2">2</span>]Alternatively, you can click and hold on the disk icon at the top of the window of the mounted disk, and then option-drag to the Applications folder. This will create a new folder containing all the files, including the README and NEWS. [<span id="3">3</span>]An alternative independent '''Legacy''' version is [http:Documentation//sourceforge.net/projects/portableapps/files/Gramps%20Portable/ GrampsPortable_{{version_windows_portable}}.paf.exe](29.0 MB) [http://portableapps.com/apps/education/gramps_portable Portable Gramps from PortableApps.com]includes all dependencies required for Windows. ''Note:You can install it on C: then to run Gramps type C:\PortableApps\GrampsPortable\GrampsPortable.exe (Or the path you installed it to) or make a shortcut to that file on your desktop or start-menu.'' By Bart.S - '''[http://portableapps.com/blog/84601 Please report packaging issues to the author.]''' (2012-09-07) [<span id="4">4</span>]Chocolatey NuGet is a Machine Package Manager, somewhat like apt-get, but built with Windows in mind. [Categoryhttps:Developers/Installation/chocolatey.org/packages/gramps/ Gramps Chocolatey Package] == See also ==* [[Previous releases of Gramps]] [[Category:Developers/PackagingZh:Documentation]]

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